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Urology

Overview

Urology disorders are conditions that affect the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, and associated structures. Here are some common types of urology disorders and their treatment options:

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Antibiotics: UTIs are typically caused by bacterial infections, and antibiotics are commonly prescribed to treat the infection and relieve symptoms.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
Increased Fluid Intake

Increased Fluid Intake

Drinking plenty of water and fluids helps flush out bacteria from the urinary system and can aid in the recovery from UTIs.

Kidney Stones

Conservative Management: Small kidney stones that are not causing severe symptoms may pass naturally with increased fluid intake, pain management, and lifestyle modifications.

Kidney Stones
Medications

Medications

Pain medications, alpha blockers, and medications to help dissolve stones (in specific cases) may be prescribed.

Minimally Invasive Procedures

Procedures such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy, and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) may be performed to remove or break up larger kidney stones.

Minimally Invasive Procedures
Surgical Intervention

Surgical Intervention

In some cases, larger kidney stones may require surgical intervention, such as open or laparoscopic surgery, to remove or treat them.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Medications: Medications such as alpha blockers, 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, and combination drugs may be prescribed to relieve urinary symptoms associated with BPH.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Minimally Invasive Procedures

Minimally Invasive Procedures

Procedures such as transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP), and laser ablation techniques may be used to remove or shrink the enlarged prostate.

UroLift System

This is a minimally invasive procedure that uses small implants to lift and hold the enlarged prostate tissue, relieving urinary symptoms.

UroLift System
Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE)

Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE)

This is a minimally invasive procedure that involves blocking the blood vessels that supply the prostate, leading to shrinkage of the prostate tissue and improvement in urinary symptoms.

Urinary Incontinence

Pelvic Floor Exercises: Exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, such as Kegel exercises, may be recommended to improve bladder control. Medications: Certain medications, such as anticholinergics or alpha agonists, may be prescribed to manage symptoms of urinary incontinence.

Urinary Incontinence
Behavioural Modifications

Behavioral Modifications

Lifestyle changes, such as timed voiding, fluid management, and bladder training, may be recommended to improve bladder control

Minimally Invasive Procedures

Procedures such as urethral bulking agents, sacral nerve stimulation, and injection of botulinum toxin into the bladder may be used to treat urinary incontinence.

Minimally Invasive Procedures
Surgical Intervention

Surgical Intervention

Surgeries such as sling procedures, bladder neck suspension, and artificial urinary sphincter implantation may be performed in more severe cases of urinary incontinence. Prostate Cancer

Active Surveillance

For low-risk prostate cancer, active surveillance may be recommended, which involves regular monitoring of the cancer with blood tests, biopsies, and imaging, without immediate treatment.

Active Surveillance
Surgery

Surgery

Radical prostatectomy, which involves the surgical removal of the prostate gland, may be recommended for localized prostate cancer. Radiation Therapy: External beam radiation therapy or brachytherapy (seed implantation) may be used to target and destroy cancer cells in the prostate gland. Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy, also known as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), may be used to block or reduce the production of male hormones that can fuel the growth of prostate cancer.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy may be used in advanced cases of prostate

Chemotherapy

FAQ

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